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    Bacteria can move using various mechanisms, one of which is called flagella. Flagella are long, whip-like structures that protrude from the bacterial cell and rotate like propellers. By rotating their flagella, bacteria can propel themselves through liquids such as water or mucus. Some bacteria can also move by using pili, which are shorter, hair-like appendages that help them attach to surfaces and pull themselves forward. Additionally, certain bacteria can move by secreting slime or by “twitching” their cell membranes. Overall, bacteria have evolved different strategies for movement, allowing them to navigate and explore their environments.

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