how to check e coli in water ?


how to check e coli in water

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Elizabeth Gibson 2022-11-19T10:27:02+00:00 1 Answer 6 views New Member 0

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    To detect E. coli in water, scientists typically use a method called the membrane filtration technique. Here’s how it works:

    Sample Collection: First, a water sample is collected from the source of interest, such as a well, river, or drinking water tap. The sample is usually collected in a sterile container to prevent contamination.

    Filtration: Next, a portion of the water sample is passed through a special filter membrane that traps bacteria present in the water.

    Incubation: The filter membrane containing bacteria is then placed on a nutrient-rich agar plate specifically designed to support the growth of E. coli bacteria. The plate is then incubated at a temperature conducive to bacterial growth, typically around 37 degrees Celsius (98.6 degrees Fahrenheit).

    Observation: After incubation, microbiologists visually examine the agar plates for the presence of colonies that resemble E. coli. E. coli colonies typically appear as small, pinkish-red dots on the agar surface.

    Confirmation: To confirm the presence of E. coli, further tests may be conducted, such as biochemical tests or molecular techniques like polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

    By following these steps, microbiologists can accurately detect the presence of E. coli in water samples, helping to ensure water safety and prevent the spread of waterborne diseases.

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