how to test for salmonella in humans ?


how to test for salmonella in humans

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Carole S. Gustafson 2022-11-30T05:56:56+00:00 1 Answer 14 views New Member 0

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    In enterocolitis, the organism is most easily isolated from a
    stool sample. However, in the enteric fevers, a blood culture
    is the procedure most likely to reveal the organism during
    the first 2 weeks of illness. Bone marrow cultures are often
    positive. Stool cultures may also be positive, especially in
    chronic carriers in whom the organism is secreted in the
    bile into the intestinal tract.
    Salmonellae form non–lactose-fermenting (colorless)
    colonies on MacConkey’s or EMB agar. On TSI agar, an
    alkaline slant and an acid butt, frequently with both gas and
    H2S (black color in the butt), are produced. S. typhi is the
    major exception; it does not form gas and produces only a
    small amount of H2S. If the organism is urease-negative (Proteus organisms, which can produce a similar reaction
    on TSI agar, are urease-positive), the Salmonella isolate can
    be identified and grouped by the slide agglutination test into serogroup A, B, C, D, or E based on its O antigen. Definitive serotyping of the O, H, and Vi antigens is performed by special public health laboratories for epidemiologic purposes.
    Salmonellosis is a notifiable disease, and an investigation to determine its source should be undertaken. In certain cases of enteric fever and sepsis, when the organism is
    difficult to recover, the diagnosis can be made serologically
    by detecting a rise in antibody titer in the patient’s serum
    (Widal test).

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