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    Yes, Escherichia coli (E. coli) can be pathogenic, meaning it has the potential to cause disease in humans and other animals. While some strains of E. coli are harmless and even beneficial to the human gut, certain pathogenic strains can cause illnesses such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), diarrhea, respiratory infections, and even more severe conditions like hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and kidney failure. It’s important to note that not all E. coli strains are pathogenic, and the severity of illness can vary depending on the specific strain and the individual’s health status.

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