what are 5 differences between viruses and bacteria ?


what are 5 differences between viruses and bacteria

in progress 0
Stephanie T. Godwin 2022-11-13T15:08:06+00:00 1 Answer 6 views New Member 0

Answer ( 1 )


    Certainly, here are five differences between viruses and bacteria:

    Size: Bacteria are generally larger than viruses. Bacteria can range from about 0.2 to 10 micrometers (µm) in size, while viruses are much smaller, typically ranging from about 20 to 300 nanometers (nm).

    Cellular Structure: Bacteria are single-celled organisms that have a cellular structure with organelles like ribosomes and a cell wall. Viruses, on the other hand, are not cells; they are composed of genetic material (either DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protein coat, called a capsid.

    Reproduction: Bacteria reproduce by binary fission, a process where one cell divides into two identical cells. Viruses cannot reproduce on their own; they must infect a host cell and hijack its cellular machinery to replicate.

    Living Status: Bacteria are considered living organisms because they can carry out metabolic processes, grow, and reproduce on their own. Viruses are not considered living organisms because they cannot carry out these processes without a host cell.

    Treatment: Bacterial infections are often treated with antibiotics, which target bacterial cell structures or functions. However, viruses are not affected by antibiotics. Antiviral medications may be used to treat viral infections, but they work differently from antibiotics and target the viral replication process.

Leave an answer

Sorry, you do not have a permission to answer to this question. Only Registered Members can answer the questions. Registration is Free