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    A bacterial colony is a visible cluster of bacteria that grows on a solid surface such as agar in a petri dish. These colonies arise from a single bacterial cell that divides repeatedly to produce millions of cells, forming a visible mass. Each colony represents a genetically identical population of bacteria, allowing microbiologists to study their characteristics and behaviors. Bacterial colonies can vary in size, shape, color, and texture depending on the species of bacteria and the conditions in which they are grown.

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