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    A bacterial colony refers to a visible cluster or grouping of bacteria that has grown and multiplied on a solid surface, such as an agar plate or a nutrient-rich medium. Each bacterial colony originates from a single bacterial cell, which undergoes multiple rounds of division to produce a visible mass of cells. Colonies can vary in size, shape, color, and texture depending on the species of bacteria, the growth conditions, and the medium used. Microbiologists often study bacterial colonies to identify and characterize different types of bacteria, as each species may exhibit distinct colony characteristics under specific growth conditions.

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