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    Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a serious condition that can occur as a complication of certain strains of E. coli bacteria, particularly E. coli O157:H7. HUS is characterized by the destruction of red blood cells, kidney failure, and low platelet count. It most commonly affects young children and can lead to potentially life-threatening complications. HUS typically develops following an initial gastrointestinal infection with E. coli O157:H7, which can cause symptoms such as bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain. The bacteria produce toxins that damage blood vessels, leading to the characteristic features of HUS. Prompt medical attention is essential for the management of HUS, which may involve supportive care, such as fluid and electrolyte replacement, and sometimes dialysis to support kidney function. Early detection and treatment can improve outcomes for individuals with HUS.

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