What is meant by “R” and “S” forms of bacterial colonies and what relation do they have to capsule formation?

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  1. S colonies are recognized by their wet nature and are indicators of newly segregated wild bacterial strains. R settlements are rough, dry, granulated, and freak types of bacteria that need the vast majority of the surface proteins including the capsule and lipopolysaccharide

    Microbes with cases form smooth (S) colonies while those without cases form harsh (R) colonies. A given bacterial animal variety may go through a marvel called S-R variety whereby the cell loses the capacity to form a capsule. A few capsules are enormous and ingest water; microscopic organisms with this sort of case (e.g., Klebsiella pneumoniae) structure mucoid (M) settlements.

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