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    The discovery of Escherichia coli, commonly known as E. coli, cannot be attributed to a single individual, as it has been studied and observed by numerous scientists over time. However, its initial discovery is often credited to Theodor Escherich, a German pediatrician and bacteriologist, who first described the bacterium in 1885. Escherich identified E. coli in the feces of healthy individuals and recognized its role as a normal inhabitant of the human intestinal tract. Since then, E. coli has become one of the most well-studied and understood bacteria, playing a significant role in various fields of microbiology and biomedical research.

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