why is e coli gram negative ?


why is e coli gram negative

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Brenda S. Conde 2022-11-16T13:34:09+00:00 1 Answer 6 views New Member 0

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    Escherichia coli, often abbreviated as E. coli, is classified as a Gram-negative bacterium due to the composition of its cell wall. Gram-negative bacteria possess a thin layer of peptidoglycan in their cell walls, which is sandwiched between an outer membrane and the plasma membrane. This outer membrane contains lipopolysaccharides (LPS), which contribute to the characteristic features of Gram-negative bacteria. When subjected to the Gram staining procedure, the cell wall of E. coli does not retain the crystal violet dye and appears pink or red when counterstained with safranin, indicating its Gram-negative nature. This distinguishing characteristic helps microbiologists categorize and identify bacterial species based on their cell wall structure.

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